Medical Merit Badge Information

Below is the schedule for the Medical Merit Badge. Note there is work that needs to be done BEFORE the on line meeting Sat nights.

BEFORE 02/06/2021 6:30 PM-7:30 meeting

  1. Look up and describe the role of a health care professional field that you are interested in, choosing from the options listed in Requirement #4a.
    1. We will cover the remaining professions not chosen during the class time.

During 02/06/2021 6:30 PM-7:30 meeting

  1. Lead the scouts through Requirement #2.
  2. Lead the scouts through Requirement #3.
  3. For next week, each scout will look up one person from Requirement #1.

During 02/13/2021 6:30 PM-7:30 meeting

  1. Each scout will discuss the person he/she selected from Requirement #1.
  2. Lead the scouts through Requirement #5a and #5b.
  3. Lead the scouts through Requirement #4b.
  4. For next week, each scout will look up 3 specialties from Requirement #6a and describe any certifications needed for each specialty chosen to fulfill Requirement #6b.

During 02/20/2021 6:30 PM-7:30 meeting

January, 2018

Requirements for the Medicine merit badge:

January, 2018
Requirements for the Medicine merit badge:

  1. Discuss with your counselor the influence that EIGHT of the following people had on the history of health care:
    a. Hippocrates
    b. William Harvey
    c. Antoine van Leeuwenhoek
    d. Edward Jenner
    e. Florence Nightingale
    f. Louis Pasteur
    g. Gregor Mendel
    h. Joseph Lister
    i. Robert Koch
    j. Daniel Hale Williams
    k. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
    l. Marie and Pierre Curie
    m. Walter Reed
    n. Karl Landsteiner
    o. Alexander Fleming
    p. Charles Richard Drew
    q. Jonas Salk
    r. James Watson and Francis Crick
  2. Explain the Hippocratic Oath to your counselor, and compare the original version to a more modern one. Discuss to whom those subscribing to the original version of the oath owe the greatest allegiance.
  3. Discuss the health care provider-patient relationship with your counselor, and the importance of such a relationship in the delivery of quality care to the patient. Describe the role of confidentiality in this relationship.
  4. Do the following:
    a. Describe the roles the following people play in the delivery of health care:
    1. Allopathic Physician(M.D.) and Osteopathic physician(D.O.)
    2. Chiropractor(D.C.)
    3. Emergency medical technician
    4. Licensed vocational/practical nurse
    5. Medical assistant
    6. Medical laboratory technologist
    7. Nurse-midwife
    8. Nurse practitioner
    9. Occupational therapist
    10. Optometrist
    11. Pharmacist
    12. Physical therapist
    13. Physician assistant
    14. Podiatrist
    15. Psychologist
    16. Radiologic technologist
    17. Registered nurse
    18. Respiratory therapist
  5. Describe the educational and licensing requirements to practice health care in your state for FIVE of the professions in requirement 4a. (Not all professions may exist in your state.)
    a. Tell what is meant by the term “primary care” with regard to a medical specialty.
    b. Briefly describe the types of work done by physicians in the following specialties:
    1. Internal medicine (a “primary care” specialty)
    2. Family practice (a “primary care” specialty)
    3. Obstetrics/gynecology (a “primary care” specialty)
    4. Pediatrics (a “primary care” specialty)
    5. Psychiatry
    6. Surgery
    c. Describe the additional educational requirements for those specialties.

  6. a. Briefly describe the types of work performed by physicians in FIVE of the following specialties or subspecialties:
    1. Allergy/immunology
    2. Anesthesiology
    3. Cardiology
    4. Colorectal surgery
    5. Critical care medicine (intensive care medicine)
    6. Dermatology
    7. Emergency medicine
    8. Endocrinology
    9. Gastroenterology
    10. Geriatric medicine
    11. Hematology/oncology
    12. Hospitalist
    13. Infectious disease
    14. Nephrology
    15. Neuro surgery
    16. Neurology
    17. Nuclear medicine
    18. Ophthalmology
    19. Orthopedic surgery
    20. Otolaryngology/head and neck surgery
    21. Pathology
    22. Physical medicine and rehabilitation/sports medicine
    23. Plastic, reconstructive, and maxillofacial surgery
    24. Preventive medicine
    25. Pulmonology
    26. Radiology
    27. Rheumatology
    28. Thoracic/cardiothoracic surgery
    29. Urology
    30. Vascular surgery
    b. Describe the additional educational requirements for the five specialties or subspecialties you chose in 6a.
  7. a. Visit a physician’s office, preferably one who delivers “primary care.” (This may be that of your counselor.) Discuss the components of a medical history and physical examination (an official BSA health form may be used to guide this discussion), and become familiar with the instruments used.
    If this cannot be arranged, demonstrate to your counselor that you understand the components of a medical history and physical, and discuss the instruments involved.
    b. Describe the characteristics of a good diagnostic test to screen for disease (eg, routine blood pressure measurement). Explain briefly why diagnostic tests are not perfect.
    c. Show how to take a blood pressure reading and a pulse reading.
  8. Do the following:
    a. Discuss the roles medical societies, the insurance industry, and the government play in influencing the practice of medicine in the United States.
    b. Briefly tell how your state monitors the quality of health care within its borders, and how it provides care to those who do not have health insurance.
  9. Compare and discuss with your counselor at least two types of health care delivery systems used throughout the world.
  10. Serve as a volunteer at a health-related event or facility in your community (eg, blood drive, “health fair”, blood pressure screening, etc) approved by your counselor.

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